Dune (1977)

Categorization

Alejandro “Jodo” Jodorowsky's version, with music by Pink Floyd and Magma (the latter working on the Harkonnens), visual concepts by Jean “Moebius” Giraud, Chris Foss and H.R. Giger (the latter, again, working on the Harkonnens), special effects by Dan O'Bannon and starring David Carradine as Leto, Mick Jagger as Feyd, Orson Welles as the Baron Harkonnen, Salvador Dalí as the galactic emperor, and Dalí's androgynous friend Amanda Lear as Irulan.

Subject

The noble House Atreides is about to take over harvesting operations on the planet Arrakis. The previous contractors betray them, trapping and destroying them with the aid of the Emperor of the known universe. The son of the slain Atreides leader survives in exile on the desert planet, which is the only source of a spice critical to the present state of post-AI galactic civilization. The boy discovers mysterious connections.

Unlike in the novel, Leto is castrated and Paul is born from a drop of blod. This is also the version where Paul is killed but lives on in the galaxy's collective consciousness.

Commentary

As usual, Jodorowsky puts all the weight on mysticism, injecting much more surrealist and Freudian forms of it than Herbert does in the novel. The 153-minute theatrical cut is superior, I'm ashamed to admit. It's hard to believe in the universe painted here, but the inexperienced creative team went above and beyond to set the standard of mind-expanding science fiction film.

Separate adaptation:

Dune (1984 IMDb)

Categorization

American director David Lynch's version, with music by Toto, starring Kyle MacLachlan, Francesca Annis, Brad Dourif at his finest, Jürgen Prochnow, Max von Sydow, Patrick Stewart, and Sting as Feyd.

Subject

This is the version with sonic weapons, cat milking, and sudden rain at the end. Despite such significant differences, it's more faithful on the whole.

Commentary

Supposedly, Lynch wasn't really interested in the project, accepting it mainly to fund Blue Velvet (1986), but it is also possible to view Dune simply as a continuation of the mainstream career that started with The Elephant Man (1980). According to the making-of featurette “Impressions of Dune” (2003), the failure of Dune supposedly convinced Lynch that the conventional high-budget production model wasn't right for him. He certainly complained of not having final cut. He's famous despite and because of mixing extreme weirdness with apple-pie Americana, of which this is neither.

The film misses or waters down a lot of what makes the book worthwhile, particularly ecology (Herbert's most historically significant achievement), Paul's sense of the future (artificial religion), the backgrounds of Fremen and Sardaukar, and the quaint sayings. Paul's transformation of character doesn't seem great enough in the film. The actual ecology is hardly plausible and there's the same problem of royalism and SF detritus as in Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind (1984), a similar film. Despite many flaws, it works. The cinematography, the repetition of lines from the past and future, and the eclectic casting all somehow come together. The result is uniquely meditative, preserving some of the profoundly human cultural density of the book by roundabout means. The effects shots vary a great deal in quality.

My favourite game for the Amiga was Dune II (1992), which may have helped make this film curiously enthralling the first time I saw it, which was before I read Frank Herbert's original.

David Lynch movie

Extended version:

Dune (2006)

Categorization

177-minute re-edit of the 189-minute “Alan Smithee” television version, partially reversing the Bowdlerization of the latter and removing some redundancy, but not going quite far enough in either respect.

Commentary

Worth watching as a supplement.

David Lynch movie

Separate adaptation:

Dune (2000 IMDb)

series

Sequel:

Children of Dune (2003 IMDb)

Documentary:

Jodorowsky's Dune (2013 IMDb)

Viewing

Seen in 2014.

Commentary

A pity it doesn't mention Gloria Swanson's involvement. The director, Frank Pavich, apparently believes in tarot, and seems willing to overlook the cult vibe of Jodorowsky's management style.

documentary movie