Urusei yatsura (1981 IMDb)

Categorization

SF family sitcom, based on one of Takahashi Rumiko's many long-running hit manga. Therefore a predecessor of Maison Ikkoku (1986), Ranma ½ (1989) and Inuyasha (2000). No anime is more like The Simpsons (1989) than Urusei Yatsura. It even has a bunch of crappy catchphrases. The freedom of animation pushes it beyond mundane sitcoms, but the constraints of an unserialized plot running to 195 episodes push back.

Most of the first 21 episodes are pairs of 11-minute stories, but from episode 22 onwards there is only one story arc per week.

Oshii Mamoru cut his teeth on this series, staying on until 1984.

Subject

As a rule of thumb, all mythic entities are real space aliens. Lum, for instance, is the flying daughter of demonic ogres (oni) from Japanese legends. Her father—Invader—conquers Earth with flying saucers. His fleet is then recalled because a randomly selected Earthling wins an official planet-saving game of tag (onigokko) by catching Lum. As it happens, he catches her by the horns. Ignorance of ogre customs is no defence: Lum considers herself happily married to the victorious Earthling and moves into his closet by force. Her “Darling” is a sly, incompetent teenager named Ataru.

Ataru's luck is terrible, except that beautiful girls—and there is hardly any other kind—cross his path on a regular basis. The vast majority of these girls see right through his act, to the horrid, self-serving lecher inside. Lum doesn't put up with it. Usually dressed in a tiger-striped bikini and go-go boots, she gives Ataru electric shocks until he's momentarily pacified. In fact, she likes him better than almost anyone, despite his crippling flaws, and spends the series getting him to like her back, while he seeks an interstellar harem and they both go to high school.

To give you an idea of how this plot moves, in episode 89, Ataru finally realizes that sleeping with Lum on a night when his parents are away will make no difference as to whether or not she will electrocute him for hitting on other girls, but he has to wear a thick metal suit in bed to avoid unintentional shocks from her as she peacefully sleeps beside him. Serious romantic character development between the leads after that is delayed until episode 161, in which a giant boar entity symbolizes Ataru's fear of separation, a fear first shown in episode 44, rerun as episode 194 by popular demand.

As a less representative example of an Urusei Yatsura plot, this is episode 78, the closest thing there was to a season opening, unmistakably tinted by Oshii: Ataru's mother, an unnamed minor character who spends the early episodes lamenting that she ever bore her son, describes her everyday life as a housewife, and her aspirations, in monologue. She then finds herself waking up from one dream in yet another. She imagines that she has gotten old, meets her child self and dismisses a psychoanalyst's interpretation of her eerily nostalgic visions, while adopting a radical phenomenological paradigm to account for her fluid reality. No other established characters are significant in the episode, and eventually, the mother finds herself fighting with a hard-pressed militia in a version of Wells' War of the Worlds. Episode 104 reprises the bizarre battle that follows. This terminates in the standby of a seemingly nuclear explosion followed by a mysterious nursery rhyme in the blasted ruins of the city, as a giant cruise ship coasts in overhead. The entire episode is noticeably slow and almost humourless.

Commentary

Much of this is Takahashi's regular bullshit. Wildly atypical gender roles don't do a lot of good when almost everyone is exaggeratedly emotive and never learns. Several episodes are devoted to characters with some unshakeable conviction which is clearly foolish and generally quite harmful. Episode 172 is one example of this joke, if it can be called such. It's a comic fantasy evolved for the strong social pressures of Japan.

Specifically Japanese mythologies and everyday stuff serve as anchors throughout. Hardly a page of Gilles Poitras' Anime Companion books go by without an example from this franchise. Its most frequent object of parody is the idolization of youth (“I have no regrets!”).

A spotty quality of sorts eventually takes hold, due in large part to the crew's willingness to experiment, often with the character of Megane functioning as an avatar. I love the little guy; a fanatic Marxist and total geek trying to play it cool and sometimes succeeding. He's played by Chiba Shigeru, an Oshii regular and master of the rant. Episode 99 is an early take on the subject of stand-and-eat noodle masters, which Oshii later made an entire movie about.

Quality declines roughly when Oshii departs, and leaves some examples of the sort of crude tricks (like suddenly gigantic heads, and mallets from nowhere) that were often claimed to mark true anime in the early stages of the Western subcultural explosion. An incidental sight gag character (Kotatsu-neko) is unwisely institutionalized as a fairly major figure, and eventually starts talking (in episode 156).

There are a couple of sweet Miyazaki allusions, like Cagliostro's robot ninja in episode 160 and Lum as Nausicaä in episode 162 (though the true Messiah of Tomobiki High turns out to be Megane!?). There's also what appears to be a simultaneous homage to Blade Runner (1982) and Star Wars (1977) (see episode 89) in episode 178, and so on. The ending is remarkably satisfying, although it follows so much inconsistency, and resolves nothing: the gods arrive to pull their shtick.

References here: No Regrets for Our Youth (1946), Lensman (1984), Maison Ikkoku (1986), My Neighbor Totoro (1988), Mobile Police Patlabor: The New Files (1990), Re: Cutie Honey (2004), Your Name (2016).

Japanese production Oshii Mamoru animation series

Movie 1:

Urusei Yatsura: Only You (1983 IMDb)

Categorization

As the series. Not really any more serious in tone. Premiered after episode 58. Directed and adapted by Oshii.

Subject

Interstellar mail is delivered to Ataru's acquaintances, suddenly announcing his upcoming wedding, but the woman he will supposedly marry is not Lum.

Commentary

Nice allusion to The Graduate (1967), and a lecturable juxtaposition of cherry blossom petals and military motifs.

Japanese production Oshii Mamoru animation movie

Movie 2:

Urusei Yatsura 2: Beautiful Dreamer (1984 IMDb)

Categorization

A significant departure in style. Directed and written by Oshii.

Subject

The film opens on a desolate, ruined Tomobiki High, where a handful of the main characters are spending a sunny day at the edge of a watery crater, as if they were the last people on Earth. Some of them laugh and play, but others appear completely exhausted, like tortured zombies among the debris of a fallen consumer culture. On the cracked face of the school's clock tower, there are no hands.

Commentary

Very funny, yet also providing the same feeling of vertiginous narcissism found in some of the world's best horror, without the horror. That's pretty rare! Nazi iconography shows up in episode 162 of the series as well.

References here: Urusei Yatsura 4: Lum the Forever (1986).

Japanese production Oshii Mamoru animation movie

Movie 3:

Urusei Yatsura 3: Remember My Love (1985 IMDb)

Categorization

As the series again. From this one on, Oshii was not involved.

Subject

Due to a misunderstanding in 1967, followed by a future error, a curse descends on Lum and Ataru in the present.

Commentary

There's a good sequence where life becomes much more realistic following Lum's disappearance.

Japanese production animation movie

Movie 4:

Urusei Yatsura 4: Lum the Forever (1986 IMDb)

Categorization

The style is closer to Urusei Yatsura 2: Beautiful Dreamer (1984) than to earlier franchise films, but the attempt to continue in the vein Oshii opened is not entirely successful. In any event, the film premiered after episode 191 of the TV series.

Subject

As part of a McGuffin-laden film Megane is directing, based on a legend passed down within the Mendou family, Ataru puts an axe to the three-hundred-year-old Tarouzakura, a giant cherry tree towering over Tomobiki. The tree is known to be rotting from the inside, but it is still impossible to explain its reaction to Ataru's axe, which seems to echo the legend: The tree falls and melts away, leaving weirdly skeletal remains as Lum's powers fade and she herself disappears from the photos of an old school trip. Dreams engulf the city, and war follows after.

Commentary

The threat of realism (loss of superhuman power = loss of exciting memories etc.) is repeated from the previous film, and the image of Tomobiki floating in space returns from Beautiful Dreamer, though only in metaphor. Minor appearances by homeless people.

Japanese production animation movie

Movie 5:

Urusei Yatsura 5: The Final Chapter (1988 IMDb)

Categorization

Unsuccessful attempt to inject some dramatic seriousness, alongside ecological apocalypticism, into the TV formula. Based on the final chapters of the manga.

Subject

Lum's great-grandfather promised the hand of his daughter in marriage for an antidote to a man from the “World of Darkness”, at a time when he had no daughter. Lum is pegged to fulfill this old demand, resulting in yet another rival for Ataru, while mushroom spores accidentally contaminate the Earth and begin to shroud it too in darkness.

Commentary

Very marginal treatment of the extended cast, and the dramatic resolution is really quite weak.

Japanese production animation movie

Movie 6:

Urusei Yatsura 6: Always My Darling (1991 IMDb)

Categorization

Tenth anniversary production, disliked by Takahashi.

Subject

Another alien princess, with another problematic love, and a stereotypical love potion.

Commentary

Without merit.

Japanese production animation movie