Dune (1965)

Creators

Frank Herbert (writer).

Categorization

Mysticist ecological planetary romance.

Subject

The noble House Atreides is about to take over harvesting operations on the planet Arrakis, also known as Dune. The previous contractors betray them, trapping and destroying them with the aid of the Emperor of the known universe. An Atreides boy survives on the desert planet, the only source of a drug critical to the present state of post-AI galactic civilization.

Commentary

A Gothic acid trip written as if it followed a lecture on Marco Polo, the spice trade, the silk worm and the Takla Makan. Richer, thicker, dirtier and superior in all respects to The City and the Stars (1956).

References here: Armored Trooper Votoms (1983), “Photon: The Idiot Adventures” (1997), Hellsing (2001).

fiction text

Adaptation:

Dune (1977)

Extent

Nobody has seen this.

Categorization

Alejandro “Jodo” Jodorowsky’s version, with music by Pink Floyd and Magma (the latter working on the Harkonnens), visual concepts by Jean “Moebius” Giraud, Chris Foss and H.R. Giger (the latter, again, working on the Harkonnens), special effects by Dan O’Bannon and starring David Carradine as Leto, Mick Jagger as Feyd, Orson Welles as the Baron Harkonnen, Salvador Dalí as the galactic emperor, and Dalí’s androgynous friend Amanda Lear as Irulan.

Subject

Unlike in the novel, Leto is castrated and Paul is born from a drop of blod. This is also the version where Paul is killed but lives on in the galaxy’s collective consciousness.

Commentary

As usual, Jodorowsky put the weight on mysticism, injecting more Freud and surrealism than did Herbert. The 153-minute theatrical cut is superior, I’m ashamed to admit. It’s hard to believe in the universe painted here, but the inexperienced creative team went above and beyond to set the standard of mind-expanding science fiction film.

References here: On the Silver Globe (1988).

fiction moving picture

Documentary:

Jodorowsky’s Dune (2013) IMDb

Extent

Seen in 2014.

Commentary

A pity it doesn’t mention Gloria Swanson’s involvement. The director, Frank Pavich, apparently believes in tarot, and seems willing to overlook the cult vibe of Jodorowsky’s management style.

moving picture non-fiction

Adaptation:

Dune (1984) IMDb

Creators

David Lynch (writer-director).

Categorization

American director David Lynch’s version, with music by Toto, starring Kyle MacLachlan, Francesca Annis, Brad Dourif at his finest, Jürgen Prochnow, Max von Sydow, Patrick Stewart, and Sting as Feyd.

Subject

This is the version with sonic weapons, cat milking, and sudden rain at the end. Despite such significant differences, it’s more faithful on the whole.

Commentary

Supposedly, Lynch wasn’t really interested in the project, accepting it mainly to fund Blue Velvet (1986), but it is also possible to view his Dune as a continuation of the mainstream career that started with The Elephant Man (1980). According to the making-of featurette “Impressions of Dune” (2003), the failure of Dune supposedly convinced Lynch that the conventional high-budget production model wasn’t right for him. He certainly complained of not having final cut. He’s famous despite and because of mixing extreme weirdness with apple-pie Americana, of which this is neither.

The film misses or waters down a lot of what makes the book worthwhile, particularly ecology (Herbert’s most historically significant achievement), Paul’s sense of the future (artificial religion), the backgrounds of Fremen and Sardaukar, and the quaint sayings. Paul’s transformation of character doesn’t seem great enough in the film. The actual ecology is hardly plausible and there’s the same problem of royalism and SF detritus as in Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind (1984), a similar film. Despite many flaws, it works. The cinematography, the repetition of lines from the past and future, and the eclectic casting all somehow come together. The result is uniquely meditative, preserving some of the profoundly human cultural density of the book by roundabout means. The effects shots vary a great deal in quality.

My favourite game for the Amiga was Dune II (1992), which may have helped make this film curiously enthralling the first time I saw it, which was before I read Frank Herbert’s original.

References here: On the Silver Globe (1988), The Legend of the Galactic Heroes: The New Thesis - Encounter (2018).

fiction moving picture

Version:

Dune (2006)

Categorization

177-minute re-edit of the 189-minute “Alan Smithee” television version, partially reversing the Bowdlerization of the latter and removing some redundancy, but not going quite far enough in either respect.

Commentary

Worth watching as a supplement.

fiction moving picture

Adaptation:

Dune (2000) IMDb

fiction moving picture series

Sequel:

Children of Dune (2003) IMDb