Q: The specific function of converting plaintext into ciphertext is called a(n) ______.

or

Q: The particular process of transforming unencrypted material into encrypted text is known as a(n) ______.

- integrity check
**encryption algorithm**- permutation
- data protection standard

**Explanation: **The specific function of converting plaintext into ciphertext is called a(n) encryption algorithm or simply an encryptor. This method takes the original message, which is readable (called the plaintext), and converts it into a secure version that cannot be read (called the ciphertext) by using a particular key together with a series of rules or mathematical operations.