“La sortie des usines Lumière” (1895) and related work:

“La sortie des usines Lumière” (1895) IMDb

References here: The Lumière Brothers’ First Films (1996).

moving picture non-fiction

“Le repas de bébé” (1895) IMDb

moving picture non-fiction

“Le saut à la couverture” (1895) IMDb

moving picture non-fiction

“L’arroseur arrosé” (1895) IMDb

A gardener is watering some plants with a hose. A boy comes along and blocks the flow by stepping on the hose. Puzzled, the gardener peers into the muzzle.

The oldest gag in movies. Generally held to be the earliest live-action fiction film, in the rather abstruse sense of it being the contents of a thin strip of celluloid (literally a film) intended for light to shine through it in such a way as to enlarge a series of photographs of people acting, obtained in real time, onto a big screen. It was projected this way during the first paid performance of the Lumière Cinematographe at a café in Paris; the other nine films were non-fiction. All were shorter than a minute.

fiction moving picture

“Le Débarquement du congrès de photographie à Lyon” (1895) IMDb

moving picture non-fiction

“Place des Cordeliers à Lyon” (1895) IMDb

moving picture non-fiction