“Roundhay Garden Scene” (1888) IMDb
Louis Aimé Augustin Le Prince, whose father was a friend of Daguerre, shot a number of motion pictures on paper that are just a couple of seconds long. In two extant cases he did it with a single-lens apparatus and hence a consistent point of view. This one is action staged for the sake of being recorded. Little else of the French inventor’s work has survived. He vanished in 1890.
References here: “Traffic Crossing Leeds Bridge” (1888).